How it works:
- Violent crime (UNODC’s stats):
- Victims of intentional homicide per 100,000 inhabitants per year: 2.5 (2016) vs global average: 8.2 (2016), Asia average: 2.3 (2016).
- Unexploded landmines in northern, eastern, and north central provinces.
- e.g. Ampara, Anuradhapura, Batticaloa, Jaffna, Kilinochchi, Mannar, Mullaitivu, Polonnoruwa, Trincomalee and Vavuniya.
- Military maintains a strong presence in north and east including Jaffna peninsula.
- The military conflict with Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) ended in 2009.
- However, the Easter Sunday (21 April 2019) bombings which killed 257 means tensions and security issues are back. As of 7 May 2019, several conspirators of the attack are still at large and authorities have further uncovered a plot where bridges in Colombo were being targeted.
- Civil unrest:
- Inter-communal and religious tensions exist.
- Demonstrations can occur.
What to do:
- In general:
- Stay alert, avoid secluded areas, travelling alone at night and flaunting valuables.
- Monitor local media in case of terrorist threats and civil unrest.
- Updates post Easter Sunday bombings 2019:
- U.S. Department of State travel advisory (26 April 2019): level 3, reconsider travel
- UK government travel advice (6 June 2019): see advice before travelling
- Government of Canada travel advisory (6 June 2019): exercise a high degree of caution
- Australia government travel advice (13 June 2019): exercise a high degree of caution
- Local observation (7 May 2019): the first order impacts of the attacks have abated, with life resuming as per normal (e.g. traffic) and security stepped up. However, there are second order and third order impacts which are political and social tensions to be careful of.