How it works:
- Medical standard:
- Routine medical care available in Kathmandu but very limited elsewhere.
- For serious injuries/illnesses, you may be evacuated to Bangkok, Thailand, New Delhi, India, or Singapore.
- Diseases to watch out for:
- Insect borne diseases: chikungunya, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, dengue fever, leishmaniasis, malaria (in Terai, Hill districts, Chitwan National Park), Japanese encephalitis, lymphatic filariasis.
- Food and water borne diseases: travellers’ diarrhoea, hepatitis, cholera, typhoid.
- Animal borne diseases: avian influenza, rabies.
- Human borne diseases: HIV, tuberculosis.
- Others: altitude sickness (for altitudes >2,500m), air pollution (smog) especially in winter, frostbite.
What to do:
- Get sufficient travel insurance:
- Emergency health services can cost a bomb
- Insurers can make complex logistical arrangements to get you the best medical treatment fast
- Check out these top travel insurance comparison platforms to get the best deal that works for you
- Vaccinations to consider:
- All travellers: measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine, varicella (chickenpox) vaccine, polio vaccine, flu shot.
- Most travellers: Hepatitis A, typhoid.
- Some travellers: Hepatitis B, rabies (if outdoor activities in remote areas), Japanese Encephalitis (if going rural areas), Malaria (for places at altitudes <2,000m)
- Prevent insect bites:
- Wear protective clothing
- Use insect repellents; insecticide treated bed/cot nets; plug-in insecticides
- Avoid wooded and bushy areas with high grass
- Food safety:
- Practise safe hygiene (e.g. washing hands with soap)
- Drink bottled water or water that has been boiled
- Avoid unpasteurised dairy products, ice cubes, uncooked and under-cooked food