How it works:
- Medical standard:
- Medical care and facilities are inadequate with poor hygience practices and a lack of basic drugs and equipment.
- Diseases to watch out for:
- Insect borne diseases: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, leishmaniasis, Lyme disease, malaria, and tick-borne encephalitis, malaria
- Food and water borne diseases: travellers’ diarrhoea, typhoid
- Animal borne diseases: rabies
- Human borne diseases: HIV, tuberculosis
What to do:
- Get sufficient travel insurance:
- Emergency health services can cost a bomb
- Insurers can make complex logistical arrangements to get you the best medical treatment fast
- Check out these top travel insurance comparison platforms to get the best deal that works for you
- Vaccinations to consider:
- All travellers: measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine, varicella (chickenpox) vaccine, polio vaccine, flu shot.
- Most travellers: Hepatitis A, typhoid.
- Some travellers: Hepatitis B, rabies (if outdoor activities in remote areas).
- Prevent tick bites:
- Wear protective clothing (e.g. long sleeves) and light colored clothing (to spot ticks)
- Use a fine tooth comb through hair, shower and wash clothes at high heat to kill ticks
- Avoid shrubs and bushes and use insect repellent with DEET, permethrin or picaridin
- Prevent mosquito bites:
- Wear protective clothing.
- Use insect repellents; insecticide treated bed/cot nets; plug-in insecticides.
- Avoid wooded and bushy areas with high grass.
- Food safety:
- Practise safe hygiene (e.g. washing hands with soap)
- Drink bottled water or water that has been boiled
- Avoid unpasteurised dairy products, ice cubes, uncooked and under-cooked food