How it works:
- Violent crime (UNODC’s stats):
- Victims of intentional homicide per 100,000 inhabitants per year: 5.9 (2016) vs global average: 8.2 (2016), Americas average: 20.9 (2016).
- Landmines along Peru border – Zamora-Chinchipe, Morona-Santiago, El Oro, Cordillera del Cóndor.
- Presence of drug traffickers and criminal groups in northern Ecuador bordering Colombia (Carchi, northern Esmeraldas, Sucumbíos).
- Potential mugging at beaches, hiking trails, airports (Quito, Guayaquil).
- Potential sexual assault in Montañita (Santa Elena).
- No recent history, but there have been bomb explosions and kidnappings in northern Esmeraldas.
- Civil unrest:
- Frequent demonstrations.
What to do:
- In general:
- Stay alert, avoid secluded areas, travelling alone at night and flaunting valuables.
- Monitor local media in case of terrorist threats and civil unrest.
- Do not travel to:
- Areas within 20 km of Colombia, except official crossing at Tulcan.
- Reconsider travel to:
- Sucumbios and Esmeraldas provinces and Montañita.
- Stay alert at hotspots of violent crime:
- Quito: El Panecillo, Carolina Park, Guápulo, Old Quito, South Quito, Mariscal Sucre International Airport.
- Around Quito: area of Pichincha volcano to antennas of the volcano via Cruz Loma, west of Quito, outside limits of Quito TelefériQo or its pathway.
- Guayaquil: downtown, waterfront (El Malecón), market areas, Sagrado Corazón de Jesús on Cerro del Carmen.
- Loja: hiking trails in Cerro Mandango near Vilcabamba.
- Others: river tour boats.