How it works:
- Earthquakes: area of intense seismic activity, with Esmeraldas particularly at risk.
- Tsunamis: coastal areas and Galapagos Islands at risk. Network of sirens in Esmeraldas and Manabí in place.
- Volcanoes: numerous active and potentially active ones. Latacunga, Salcedo, low-lying areas in the valley to the east of Quito (Los Chillos, Rumiñahui) at risk.
- Forest fires: may occur in many places, but Pichincha particularly at risk.
- Hurricanes: June to November.
- Rainy season: December to May (coastal region), May to November (east of Andes). Can trigger flooding and landslides, particularly in mountainous areas and Western provinces (Manabí, Los Ríos, Guayas).
- El Nino: happens every few years (heavy rains, widespread flooding, hotter climate).
What to do:
- Travel at the “right” time to the “right” place
- Reacting to one:
- Earthquakes: drop (to hands and knees), cover (head and neck with arms), hold on (to sturdy furniture; expect aftershocks.
- Tsunamis: signs include abnormal ocean activity and load roars. Protect yourself from an earthquake first if there is one. Else, get to a high ground as far inland as possible.
- Cyclones: stay indoors away from windows, do not use electrical appliances/equipment, do not head out and touch debris (more injuries/deaths happen after than during).