How it works:
- Medical standard:
- Good in larger cities, but lacking in small towns.
- Diseases to watch out for:
- Insect borne diseases: Lyme disease, tick-borne encephalitis, West Nile virus
- Food and water borne diseases: travellers’ diarrhoea
- Animal borne diseases: rabies, measles
- Human borne diseases: HIV
What to do:
- Get sufficient travel insurance (e.g. World Nomads – review) as:
- Emergency health services can cost a bomb.
- Insurers can make complex logistical arrangements to get you the best medical treatment fast.
- Vaccinations to consider:
- All travellers: measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine, varicella (chickenpox) vaccine, polio vaccine, flu shot.
- Most travellers: Hepatitis A.
- Some travellers: Hepatitis B, rabies (outdoor activities, activities involving bats).
- Prevent tick bites:
- Wear protective clothing (e.g. long sleeves) and light colored clothing (to spot ticks)
- Use a fine tooth comb through hair, shower and wash clothes at high heat to kill ticks
- Avoid shrubs and bushes and use insect repellent with DEET, permethrin or picaridin
- Food safety:
- Practise safe hygiene (e.g. washing hands with soap)
- Drink bottled water or water that has been boiled
- Avoid unpasteurised dairy products, ice cubes, uncooked and under-cooked food
- Centers for disease control and prevention
- U.S. Department of State travel advisory
- UK Government foreign travel advice
- Government of Canada travel advisory
- Australia Government travel advice