21 Most Common Tourist Scams in the Netherlands / Holland

Safety at Amsterdam, Arnhem, Delft, Groningen, The Hague, Eindhoven, Maastricht, Nijmegen, Rotterdam, Utrecht, Efteling, Keukenhof, Kinderdijk
Note: If you can't afford travel insurance, you can't afford to travel. World Nomads Travel Insurance, backed by Lonely Planet & National Geographic, is one we recommend. Check it out before your adventure.


Tulips in Netherlands

Tulips in Netherlands


The Netherlands is well known for its picturesque windmills, colourful tulips, famous painters, canals, clogs, flat lands and caramel filled stroopwafels.

Besides that, the country also boasts a wealth of cultural heritage and you can find one of the most interesting cities in Europe that is Amsterdam here.

Although the Netherlands is generally safe, there is still a bunch of shady characters perpetrating a bunch of tourist targeted scams, with drunk / drugged tourists a favourite of theirs.

So read on to learn how to protect yourself in this beautiful land!




1. Junkies


How it works:

There are a number of these scammers hanging around red light districts who try to sell drugs and anything that they have stolen (e.g. bikes) to tourists.

You do not want to buy anything from them for a multitude of reasons:

  • The ware they peddle could be fake.
  • You might get trapped and scammed by a fake cop accomplice.
  • You could get into real trouble with the law.
  • Or worse, you could consume a drug that is not what it is advertised to be and is fatal.

In fact, there have been many cases of sheep dung / talcum powder / parsley being sold as drugs.

Further, in 2014, 3 deaths were reported and 17 were hospitalized after the victims consumed white heroin which they thought was cocaine.


What to do:

Avoid engaging. If you want drugs, there are controlled and regulated “coffee shops” which you can go to.

If you are unsure, there are also well reviewed cultural coffeeshop / ganja tours which you may want to check out.

  • GetYourGuide (best day tours platform in Europe) has a couple such tours:



2. Pickpockets


How it works:

The pickpockets in Amsterdam are highly professional, work in gangs and are as skilful as those in Barcelona, the pickpocket capital of the world.

Let’s break this up into several parts as different tactics are used in different situations.

In Amsterdam, the areas where these lowlife hang out at are crowded streets, such as:

  • Kalverstraat
  • Red Light District
  • Dam Square
  • Museum Quarter (Oud Zuid / Old South District)
  • Near the Centraal Station
  • Damrak
  • Markets (Waterlooplein Flea Market, Albert Cuypmarkt)



Amsterdam canal

Amsterdam canal


At streets around transportation hubs (e.g. Centraal Station), pickpockets hang out at the dark alleys around the stations.

They wait for the right target, who are usually tourists carrying large backpacks / luggage as that makes them slower to react.

In some situations, especially along dark alleys, they may be brazen enough to claim that they have a gun and demand that you hand over your wallet. Or they may claim that a friend nearby who is looking at you has one.

Another reported tactic which pickpockets use is to surround you with a group.

However, when you think you will be assaulted, one of them actually shakes your hand, pulls you to him and then shakes your leg. What happens is that you will be distracted and the other accomplices will then steal your valuables.

Tourists stopping to watch street artists in action are also another favourite target for pickpockets.

Do be wary at night as well as this is the time where incidents of crime are at the highest.


Red light districts

Image source: iamsterdam.com


At red light districts, pickpockets can come in the form of beggars, ready to strike when you are distracted or drunk.

Another tactic is for one of them to push you from behind into an accomplice in front who then steals your valuables.

Another very common trick is for a scammer to drop a pair of broken glasses right in front of you. Even if you have not stepped on it, he will claim that you did.

In the ensuing chaos, an accomplice will steal your stuff from behind.

Besides glasses, it can be anything else too, such as a pack of drugs or spilled marijuana.


Shopping areas / crowded markets

Image source: esnutrecht-blog.com


Pickpockets love places like De Negen Straatjes and Kalverstraat, thus explaining the many signs warning tourists of pickpockets here.

Markets like Waterlooplein Flea Market, Albert Cuypmarkt are top hot spots where locals are careful at as well.

Some pickpockets wait at secluded ATMs, ready to steal your money once it is dispensed from the machine.

Others wait alongside benches of shopping streets or execute the bump and steal scam in small shops as described earlier.


Tourist attractions

Image source: tammytourguide.wordpress.com


At attractions such as the Anne Frank museum where there is usually a long queue, do be wary if someone pops up to ask you a few questions out of the blue.

It is because that is meant to distract you while an accomplice works on your belongings from behind.


Restaurants / hotels

Cafe in Netherlands

Cafe in Netherlands


Restaurants and hotels are great locations for pickpockets as these are places where you feel safe.

Because of that complacency, bags or valuables are usually left unguarded and out of sight. Pickpockets hanging around the area can easily steal these by waiting for the right moment.

The more aggressive thieves will try to distract you and they have many ways of doing so.

For instance, one could ask you for directions or ask a random question while the accomplice strikes.Or one could pretend to look for a friend to create distraction.

There are even cases where someone comes in with a map and puts it over your valuables on the table (assuming you have left it there) and asks for directions. When they take the map up, they take your valuables with them.

Of course, there are also the plain simple ones. For instance, there are careless victims who leave their bag or luggage behind their seats unattended and out of their line of sight.


Busy tram lines

Image source: subways.net


Tram 5 (between Centraal Station and Amstelveen) is the most infamous for pickpocket cases, as the route passes by many hotel and tourist attractions.

In fact, it is estimated that ~40+% of all tram pickpocket cases occur on this route.


What to do:

Stay alert and watch out for suspicious characters, though that is easier said than done.

The best solution is still, to not make yourself look like a target. 

Make it impossible for thieves to steal from you:

  • Carry a photocopy of your passport instead of the actual one.
  • Keep your wallet in the front pocket.
  • Conceal small valuables in a money belt / hidden pouch.
  • Store large valuables in a slash-resistant and lockable anti-theft bag.
  • Leave most valuables in your hotel / hostel / apartment safe, secured with hotel safety tools.
  • Get a good travel insurance (e.g. World Nomads, trusted by Lonely Planet and National Geographic – our review) which covers loss of valuables.


3. Spilled liquid scam

Street of Amsterdam

Street of Amsterdam


How it works:

This is an extremely common scam all over the world (e.g. Argentina, US, Thailand).

How this works is that a scammer will accidentally spill liquid that look like puke / mustard / bird poo / ketchup on you.

Then, a few strangers will spring into action from nowhere and help you clean up.

While you are flustered and distracted, that is when they steal your valuables.


What to do:

Keep an eye out for anyone tailing or keeping too close for comfort to you.

If caught in such a situation, stand your ground and push away anyone who tries to help you.

Ideally, arm yourself with a money belt or hidden pouch and an anti-theft bag to make it impossible for thieves to steal anything from you.


4. May I help you scam

Image source: greatlakesexplorer.com


How it works:

Similar to the one in Morocco, you will find an over friendly stranger who offers to help you.

However, his real intention is actually to rob / steal from you.

Some may even throw misinformation, such as claiming that a place is closed (like in IndiaThailand, etc), and offer to bring you somewhere else.

That somewhere else is either somewhere they get kickbacks or where they can rob you.


What to do:

Avoid engaging an overly friendly stranger on the streets – it is better to solicit than to be solicited.

If you do need a tour / guide, engage a licensed, reputable one instead. Some online options:



  • Your hotel / hostel affiliated tour operator: reliable but generally not the best or cheapest.


5. Spiked cookies / drinks

Image source: iamaileen.com


How it works:

It could be anyone who offers you some free cookies, be it a girl, young boy, old grandmother and what have you.

If you consume those cookies, you will be knocked out soon after.

When you arouse from your slumber, your valuables would have been robbed.

Same goes for spiked drinks in nightclubs or bars.


What to do:

Decline anything free from a stranger.

For drinks, either watch it being made in front of you, or get a bottled one that is difficult to tamper with.


6. Food museum

Image source: mustseeholland.com


How it works:

In Amsterdam, you will find many food places with the word “museum” added to them (e.g. cheese museum).

These are simply tourist traps masquerading as a place of heritage so as to charge higher prices.


What to do:


Do some online research or check with your hotel / hostel staff to find the real reputable ones.

Otherwise, you can also consider joining a food tour for an authentic, local food experience!

  • GetYourGuide: best day tours platform in Europe – excellent curation of tours, tickets and transport – popular tours include:



7. Fake counterfeit bill machine and currency switcheroo

Image source: news.err.ee


How it works:

When you pay, the shop owner will claim that your bill is fake and run it through a special machine which beeps in response.

However, when he runs a bill from the cash register, the machine would not beep.

If you decide not to buy, he will return your “fake” note. However, through sleight of hand, he has actually swapped it with the real counterfeit bill from the cash register.


What to do:

If you find yourself in such a situation, watch carefully to make sure your note is not swapped.

Also, learn how to spot a fake bill and check your bill when the shop owner returns it.


8. Fake police


How it works:

Fake cops here will show you a badge and accuse you of possessing drugs or counterfeit currency. You will then be asked to pay a fine.

When you show your real bills to protest your innocence, they may also swap it with counterfeit ones.


What to do:

If you have not obviously broken the law, be very skeptical when a “police officer” approaches you.

Three steps to shake them off:

  • Verify badges and identification. Threaten to call the police hotline (end of this article).
  • Never give your passport if asked. Show only a photocopy of it.
  • If they want to fine you or check your bags, insist to only do so at a police station (use your GPS to find it or check with a local) with a lawyer or someone from your embassy.

Next, you should have hidden your valuables in a money belt or hidden pouch and use a cheap spare wallet with not much cash inside.

This way, the scammers may simply let you go since you do not seem to have much cash.


9. Tulip stands

Image source: malamare.net


How it works:

Tulip stands operate all year round, however, tulip bulbs can only be planted and grown in the Autumn.

Don’t fall for the claims made by some vendors that these can grow anytime of the year.


What to do:

If you want to buy to grow it, only buy it in the autumn.



1. Overcharging taxis

Image source: iamsterdam.com


How it works:

Rogue cab drivers in Netherlands will make up their own charges when the official taxi police is out of sight.

This is because they feel unfairly repressed by the strict regulations of the industry.

There are also some who claim that at night, there is a minimum charge of EUR 10, which is nonsense.

There has even been one case where a tourist was charged EUR 980 for a trip from Schiphol airport to Amsterdam!


What to do:

You can estimate the fair price of any route by checking:

  • With your hotel / hostel staff.
  • An online taxi fare estimator / online travel forums.
  • Taxi booking apps like UGo, appAcab, Uber, taxi.eu, Staxi.

If you think you have been cheated, take note of the taxi number on the roof of the car and report them to taxiklacht.nl

Alternatively, you could:

  • Look for Taxi Electric which is one of the most reliable taxi companies.
  • Arrange private transfers or use public transport via city passes. GetYourGuide (best day tours platform in Europe) has 20+ such options:


2. Forgot to turn on the meter / rigged meter


How it works:

This is an easy scam on unsuspecting tourists, especially those tired after a long flight.

As the title suggests, the driver can simply choose not to turn the meter on unless he is caught.

Should he be caught, he can pretend to have forgotten about it and there is no loss for him.


What to do:

Always check that the meter is turned on. During the trip, check to see if the meter is rigged or jumping too quickly.

Again, if you suspect foul play, take note of the taxi number on the roof of the car and report them to taxiklacht.nl


3. Unofficial / fake taxis

Image source: topbusinessclass.com


How it works:

There have been reports of drivers of unofficial taxis / lookalike taxis who wait in / outside airports and who pressure tourists to take their vehicles.

Many of them will also brandish an official looking taxi licenses which is fake, and will offer a rate cheaper than the official airport taxis to entice you.

What happens next varies.

You could be driven in an old, beaten up car; you could be taken on a longer route than usual; or you could even be driven to a secluded place and coerced to pay a higher sum.

The unlucky ones simply get robbed!


What to do:

Do not take an unofficial taxi. If you do take one, take a photo of the car plate and the driver’s license in case anything goes wrong.

Else, consider these other options:

  • Get a cab from the official queue.
  • Arrange private transport through your hotel / hostel or through day tour platforms like GetYourGuide (best in Europe) – 20+ options.
  • Use a taxi booking app like UGo, appAcab, Uber, taxi.eu, Staxi.


4. Longhauling taxi drivers

Image source: driveeurope.co.uk


How it works:

Taxi drivers in Amsterdam are infamous for taking the longer route just to squeeze more of your fare.

Take note if your driver asks if you would like to take the highway, as the distance covered is longer. However, this really depends on where you are headed to.


What to do:

Research the routes, especially those longer ones and roughly how much it would cost.

You can estimate the fair price of any route by checking:

  • With your hotel / hostel staff.
  • An online taxi fare estimator / online travel forums.
  • Taxi booking apps like UGo, appAcab, Uber, taxi.eu, Staxi.


5. Used public transport tickets

Image source: amsterdamtips.com


How it works:

There have been reports of scammers picking up thrown used tickets (tram / bus / train) or simply asking commuters for them.

Then, they tempt tourists to buy these worthless tickets which cannot be used at all by offering a discounted price.


What to do:

Get your tickets from the official sources, or consider using city passes (Amsterdam Public Transport Ticket, I amsterdam City Card).



1. Hotel touts


How it works:

There are a number of these hotel touts who target tourists who look lost and who have not booked their accommodation.

It is not unthinkable as Amsterdam, with its legalized drugs, do tend to attract some of these youngsters who act on the spur of the moment.

Do not believe their spiel, as the rates they offer are usually made up on the spot.

Once you are there, you will be subject to high pressure sales tactics to book a room.

Prices may also be more expensive and the room is usually of poor quality and in an overcrowded place. It may even be an illegal place (i.e subletting)!


What to do:

Do not take up recommendations from an unknown stranger or from street touts.

Instead, either book a reputable hotel directly or use legitimate accommodation platforms such as

  • Booking.com: Frommer’s tests have found the site to offer the best selection and rates amongst competing sites most of the time.
  • Homestay: if you are up for gaining genuine insights of the Netherlands by staying with a local host!


2. Fake apartment listing

Apartment blocks in Netherlands

Apartment blocks in Netherlands


How it works:

Scammers exploit greed and pull in unsuspecting tourists by pricing these listings at extremely low prices.

If they ask you to make full payment upfront off the platform to some bank account out of the Netherlands, that should be a clear red flag.

Other red flags include:

  • Prices that are too good to be true.
  • Illogical descriptions because they copy and paste without any edits.
  • Dodgy sounding reviews.
  • Difference in photos provided and pictures seen with Google Street View.
  • Payment only by bank transfer off the booking platform.
  • Or payment to a foreign bank account or via Western Union / MoneyGram (sure sign of scam as transfers are irreversible).
  • If the “owner” refuses to provide more details or to allow for a tour of the place.


What to do:

Avoid engaging listings without reviews or those which look shady.

Also avoid sites such as Craigslist, Marktplaats and FaceBook ads which are not the most reliable.

Instead, book via legitimate sites like:

  • Booking.com: Frommer’s tests have found the site to offer the best selection and rates amongst competing sites most of the time.
  • Homestay: if you are up for gaining genuine insights of the Netherlands by staying with a local host!

Next, some due diligence to be done on individual listings:

  • Search online reviews (e.g. TripAdvisor) and Google the names of the owner.
  • Call the phone number provided on the listing.
  • Grill the “landlord” by asking specific questions, such as room dimensions or something unique as seen in the photos.
  • You can even pretend something exists in the online photos and test if the “landlord” can call your bluff.
  • Search if the property has another online presence or contact number and engage that to see if they are consistent.
  • Test the owner by requesting for a visit from a local friend before booking – it doesn’t have to happen, you just want to test the owner’s receptiveness.

Finally, avoid paying in full upfront or making payment off the platform.


3. Counterfeit bills


How it works:

In 2004, there was a flood of fake EUR 100 bills in the country which are still in circulation today.

Some tips on how to spot a fake note:

  • The fake bill itself feels hard and stiff as it is made of 100% cotton. It is not flimsy like the actual note
  • Best way to deal with fake currencies (e.g. like in China, Turkey) is to hold it against a light source. If you fancy, you could get a small battery operated UV light torch before the trip.
  • For the EUR 100 bill, look for the whole denomination number on all corners and on both sides of the bill. Also look out for a dark security strip across the bill
  • When shone under a light, the hologram image changes from the number to a window / door symbol, the signature and flag turn green and stars turn orange
  • Or, check out this app that will help you do everything above!



What to do:

Educate yourself on how to differentiate fake Euros and be careful especially around large notes.


4. ATM card skimming


How it works:

Generally, ATMs can be rigged in two ways.

First, the card skimmer and pinhole camera / keypad overlay set up:

  • A card skimmer is installed over the card slot to capture your card details.
  • The pinhole camera / keypad overlay is used to capture your PIN.

Second, the card trap:

  • The card slot can be rigged with cheap tools to trap your card.
  • When your card is stuck, someone will come over and tell you that if you retype your PIN, your card will be unblocked.
  • Obviously, your card will still be stuck, but the scammer will now have seen your PIN.
  • Should you head into the bank / somewhere to seek help, the scammer will unblock your card and escape.


What to do:

Avoid using ATMs at dark, secluded areas. Use only at controlled environments such as in banks.

Scan the area for suspicious looking characters, look out for red flags of a rigged ATM and cover your PIN when typing it in.

Although not directly relevant, consider using a RFID blocking wallet.

That will prevent your cards’ details from being skimmed by thieves with a mobile RFID reader / scanner.


5. Street money changer


How it works:

These scammers work by approaching tourists and offering a very attractive exchange rate (like in Czech Republic).

Should you hand them your money, they will simply run away with it.

Another situation is where a scammer ask if you have smaller notes for him to change notes with. Once you take your cash out, he will grab them and run away with it.


What to do:

Only change your money at official sources (e.g. Grens Wissel Kantoor, banks, etc).


6. White van scam

Image source: bbb.org


How it works:

This is a variation of a scam that is pretty common worldwide (a similar variant is the Italian suit scam in Italy, US).

You will find a white van approach you, and someone in the van will introduce themselves as working for Bose / some electronics company and ask you for directions.

If you help them, and even if you are unable to help, they will offer a discounted box of products to thank you.

Should you buy them without checking, you will realize that they are actually empty boxes.


What to do:

Avoid engaging.


7. Prostitute scam

Amsterdam red light district

Amsterdam red light district


How it works:

Not technically a scam, but many tourists who feel cheated are those who did not pay attention or clarify the details of services provided.


What to do:

Avoid but if you engage, check the terms and conditions carefully.



This is not a fear mongering exercise, as most visits are trouble free as long as you exercise some common sense.

However, it is always better to be safe than sorry.

Information below has been compiled from:


1. Violent crime, hazards, hotspots, terrorism, civil unrest

Image source: smartraveller.gov.au


How it works:

A brief summary:

  • Violent crime: rare. Watch out for petty crime and scams, especially in central Amsterdam.
  • Hazards: concerns over drug trafficking criminal groups.
  • Hotspots: n.a.
  • Terrorism: future attacks are possible.
  • Civil unrest: rare, but demonstrations may occur.


What to do:

Stay alert, avoid secluded areas, travelling alone at night, and don’t look like an easy victim (e.g. looking like a tourist / flaunting valuables).

Monitor local media in case of any terrorist threats, and avoid participating in demonstrations.


2. Medical care

Image source: vaaju.com


How it works:

Medical care is good in the Netherlands.

Diseases to vaccinate against / watch out for include:

  • Insect borne diseases: Lyme disease, tick-borne encephalitis, West Nile virus.
  • Food and water borne diseases: travellers’ diarrhoea.
  • Animal borne diseases: rabies, measles.
  • Human borne diseases: HIV.


What to do:

If you can’t afford travel insurance (e.g. World Nomads – our review), you can’t afford to travel, as:

  • Emergency health services can cost a bomb.
  • Insurance providers can make complex logistical arrangements to get you the best medical treatment fast.

Vaccinations to consider:

  • All travellers: measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine, varicella (chickenpox) vaccine, polio vaccine, flu shot.
  • Some travellers: Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, rabies (outdoor activities, activities involving bats)

Prevent tick bites:

  • Protective clothing.
  • Use repellents with 20% or more DEET.
  • Consider permethrin-treated clothing and gear.
  • Avoid wooded and bushy areas with high grass.

Food safety:

  • Practise safe hygiene such as washing hands with soap.
  • Only drink bottled water or water that has been boiled.
  • Avoid unpasteurized dairy products, ice cubes, uncooked and undercooked food.


3. Natural disasters


How it works:

A brief summary:

  • Rainy season: July to August. May cause flooding or landslides.
  • Windstorms: October to March. Possible peak in January.


What to do:

Effective preparation and prevention involves staying at the “right” place, travelling at the “right” time and getting travel insurance (e.g. World Nomadsour review) that covers natural disasters.

Check the latest media reportsweather forecasts and sources such as the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute.


4. Transport safety


How it works:

Road conditions are safe and excellent here.

The same goes for the public transportation system, though watch out for petty crime.


What to do:

Before going out, check the latest media reports and weather forecast.

When on the road, stay alert, wear seatbelts, keep doors locked and windows up.



1. Emergency numbers to call

Image source: freewordandfriendsworld.com


  • Police, ambulance, fire: 112
  • National police (non-emergency): 0900 8844
  • Telephone: 0800 0407
  • Sea rescue / coast guard (Kustwacht): 0900 0111
  • Tourist Medical Service (ATAS): 020 592 3355

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1 Comment

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